Cappadocia is a region formed by the erosion of the soft layers of lava and ash erupted by Erciyes, Hasandağı and Göllüdağ 60 million years ago by rain and wind over millions of years.
One of the most important features that started the story of Cappadocia is the fairy chimneys. These unique formations are the result of the soft volcanic stone called tuff being shaped by wind and water over time. Fairy chimneys are a feature that distinguishes the region from other geographies and makes Cappadocia famous worldwide. These formations are also of great importance as they contain underground cities and churches that people have used as settlements throughout the history of Cappadocia.